Navigate Up
 

Glossary

 
 

 Did you know?

 

Previous Image Pause Next Image

Act

A Bill which has been passed (agreed) by both Branches of Tynwald, signed by a majority of Members in Tynwald Court and given Royal Assent by the Queen or by the Lieutenant Governor on the Queen's behalf. An Act is also known as an item of primary legislation.

amendment

A change made to a Bill during the time it is being debated in the House of Keys or Legislative Council, or a change made to a motion during a debate in Tynwald Court.

Bill

This is an idea for a new law which is debated by the House of Keys and Legislative Council who normally must agree before it can become a law.

Branch

The House of Keys and the Legislative Council are described as branches of Tynwald.

Chamber

A room in which Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or Legislative Council meet (sit).

Chief Minister

Head of the Council of Ministers.

Chronicle of the King of Man and the Isles

A medieval Latin manuscript which describes some early Manx historical events.

citizen

A person who legally lives in a place. People born in the Isle of Man have British citizenship under the British Nationality Act 1981 (an Act of Parliament).

Committee

A group of Members appointed Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or the Legislative Council to undertake a particular task, often an investigation. A temporary committee is called a Select Committee and a permanent Committee is called a Standing Committee.

constituency

The Isle of Man is divided up into 12 areas called constituencies. Each one is represented by two MHKs.

constituent

A person who lives in a constituency.

Council of Ministers

The Members of Tynwald in charge of each Isle of Man Government Department, together with the Chief Minister.

Crown Dependency

A place with its own parliament, government, financial and legal systems which is dependent on the British Crown only for foreign affairs and defence. The Isle of Man is a Crown Dependency. The other Crown Dependencies are Jersey and Guernsey.

debate

Discussion in Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or Legislative Council.

Deemster

A judge in the Isle of Man

division

A procedure in which Members vote or against a motion and their individual votes are counted. In Tynwald Court and the House of Keys, divisions are normally carried out using an electronic voting system.

General Election

Held every five years, citizens of the Isle of Man vote for (choose) the people they would like to be their MHKs.

Hansard

A transcription of everything said when Tynwald Court, the House of Keys, and the Legislative Council sit and when parliamentary committees take evidence in public. It is published on the Tynwald website in a document called the Official Report and also known as Hansard.

House of Keys

A branch of Tynwald with 24 Members elected by the people of the Isle of Man.

Isle of Man Government

The Isle of Man Government runs the Island's public services, such as hospitals, schools, sports grounds and buses. It comprises a central Cabinet Office and Treasury with a number of other departments.

law

A set of rules which everyone must follow. The main sources of Manx law are Acts of Tynwald, judgments of the Manx courts, and certain Acts of the UK Parliament.

Legislative Council

A branch of Tynwald with 11 Members. Eight of them are elected to the Council by the House of Keys. The other three are Members of the Legislative Council because of the jobs they hold (President of Tynwald, Bishop and Attorney General).

Lieutenant Governor

The Queen's personal representative in the Isle of Man.

Lord of Mann

The term used in the Isle of Man for The Queen, the Island's Head of State.

majority

For a majority more than half of the Members need to vote Yes or No.

MHK

Member of the House of Keys

MLC

Member of the Legislative Council

motion

A proposal made by a Member of Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or Legislative Council that  something must be done or an opinion expressed. In the House of Keys or Legislative Council, if the majority of Members who are present vote in favour the motion is carried and it becomes a resolution. In Tynwald Court, for a motion to become a resolution it needs to be supported by a majority of the members of each branch who are present.

Order Paper

The list of business for a sitting of Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or Legislative Council.

President of Tynwald

This person presides over (is in charge in) Tynwald Court and also the Legislative Council.

presiding officer

In Tynwald Court and the Legislative Council, the President of Tynwald; in the House of Keys, the Speaker.

promulgation

The process of reading aloud in public the name of an Act of Tynwald together with a brief description of what the Act is for. All Acts of Tynwald are by law required to be promulgated on Tynwald Hill within 18 months of Royal Assent.

question

Members in Tynwald Court, the House of Keys and Legislative Council may ask questions of one another. Usually these are about how the Island is being run by the Isle of Man Government.

Question Paper

Tynwald Court has a separate Question Paper. In the House of Keys and Legislative Council, Questions are listed on the order paper.

reading

A formal stage during the passage of a Bill in either the House of Keys or the Legislative Council.

Royal Assent

The formal approval of a new law given by the Lord of Man or her representative the Lieutenant Governor

sitting

A meeting of Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or Legislative Council.

Speaker of the House of Keys

This person who presides over (is in charge of) the House of Keys.

stage

See Reading.

Standing Orders

The rules of Tynwald Court, the House of Keys or Legislative Council are called Standing Orders. The presiding officer is responsible for making sure the rules are followed.

Sword of State

The sword is present during every sitting of Tynwald Court and signifies the duty of the Sovereign, acting through Tynwald, to protect and defend the people from their enemies, in peace and in war.

tricameral

From the Latin for 'three' and 'chamber'; used to describe a parliament with three parts.

Tynwald

Used on its own, the word 'Tynwald' may have one of four meanings. They are (a) the entire parliamentary system of the Isle of Man including Tynwald Court, the House of Keys, and the Legislative Council and their committees; (2) Tynwald Court; (3) Tynwald Day; (4) Tynwald Hill.

Tynwald Court

The meeting of the House of Keys and Legislative Council together.

vote

Members in Tynwald Court, the House of Keys and Legislative Council vote for or against motions on the order paper - see division.
 
More detailed explanations of some terms can be found in the Glossary section of the Tynwald Companion.